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Tirunelveli is located at 8°44′N 77°42′E / 8.73, 77.7.[11] It has an average elevation of 47 metres (154 feet). It is in the southern most tip of the Deccan pleateu in the Indian peninsular. Tirunelveli is located in the National Highway 7 stretch. The nearest landmarks are: Gangai Kondan in the north, Vallanad in the east, Alangukulam in the west, Ambasamudram in the south west and Nanguneri in the south. It is bound by the State of Kerala, Gulf of Mannar and the districts of Virudhunagar, Thoothukudi and Kanniyakumari.[12] The perennial river Thamiraparani splits the city in to Tirunelveli and Palayamkottai. The major lake present in the city are Nainar lake and Udayarpetti lake.


The Agasthiyamalai hills, cut off Tirunelveli from the southwest monsoon, creating a rainshadow region. The climate of Tirunelveli is usually tropical and unpredictable, viz.,[13]hot and humid. The average temperature during the hot season (March to September) ranges from 23 to 36°Celsius and during the mild season (October to February) ranges from 19 to 30°C. The average annual rainfall is 680 mm, most of which occurs during the northeast monsoon (October-December). No earthquake has been reported in Tirunelveli city so far.

As of 2001 India census,[14] Tirunelveli had a population of 411,298. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Tirunelveli has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 73%. In Tirunelveli, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.Among the Municipal Corporations, Tirunelveli has returned the best sex ratio with 1024 females for every 1000 males.[15]. The growth rate of Urban Agglomeration is 20.22%.[16]
The Tirunelveli City spreads over an area of 128.65 The population density of the Corporation had increased to 3781 persons per in 2001 from 2218 Persons per in1971. The disabilities in the City as per Census 2001 are 1308246, out of which male 645142 and female 663104. Hindus are the most in urban population. Followed by Muslims and then Christians.
The language mainly spoken in the city is Tamil. The usage of English is common. Majority of office matters and teachings in Educational Institution are dealt in English. The Tamil dialect spoken in this region is very lucid and is popular throughout Tamil Nadu.

Details About Tirunelveli


Year Population Type Source
1991 345,772 census official
2001 431,603 census official
2009 431,603 597,979
2010 431,603 502,480


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